Understanding Cataracts: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Cataract Opacify the eye’s natural lens and limit your ability to see clearly.


Cataracts, a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. In this article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for cataracts.

What are cataracts and how they develop?

Anatomy of the eye: A cataract is when your eye's natural lens becomes cloudy. Proteins in your lens break down and cause things to look blurry, hazy, or less colorful and other vision problems.

Types of cataracts:

Explore different types of cataracts, including age-related, congenital, secondary, and traumatic cataracts.


Symptoms of cataract:

  • Cloudy vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Diffuse Light
  • Double Vision in One Eye
  • Changing Prescription of Glasses

Causes and Risk Factors:


Discuss how aging is the primary risk factor for cataracts. Aging is the most common cause. This is due to normal eye changes that begin to happen after age 40. That is when normal proteins in the lens start to break down. This is what causes the lens to get cloudy. People over age 60 usually start to have some clouding of their lenses. However, vision problems may not happen until years later.

Medical conditions

Explore how certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or hypertension, can increase the risk.

Lifestyle factors

Address the impact of smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, and prolonged exposure to sunlight.


Eye examination: Describe the comprehensive eye examination, including visual acuity test, slit-lamp examination, OCT, and dilated eye examination.

Medical history and discussion: Explain the importance of providing detailed information about symptoms and medical history to assist in the diagnosis.


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Multifocal and Toric IOLs


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